Some stats show it accounting for 80% of the world’s commercial Avocado fruit production. Hass has a high fruit yield, popular and consistent fruit size, long shelf life plus a high oil content which adds to its rich creamy flavour. Hass is generally grown in cooler climates or areas which have cool winter or overnight temperatures. In cooler regions, Hass is able to hang on the tree much longer than other varieties which is great for growers to be able to pick their fruit during high-priced times when the supply may be low.
Hass is by the far the most popular Avocado fruit variety in Australia and around the world.
The majority of Hass fruit is picked in Australia from May (QLD) until November (cooler regions such as VIC, SA, WA). The average yield for Hass in Australia for a fully mature tree is around 9T/Ha. Traditional spacing for Hass has been around 125 trees/Ha but with new improved management, nutrition, pruning, and growing techniques, the average of most of our customers is now around 300 trees/Ha. With the combination of all these improvements, growers now expect around 20T/Ha.
Shepard is the second most popular variety in Australia.
It is a green skin type avocado, unlike a Hass, the green flesh does not turn brown once opened. Shepard is generally grown north of Bundaberg QLD and can be grown in very warm climates where it will mature much earlier than Hass. The fact it can be picked early ensures it can reach good prices at the market.
The expected yield for Shepard is similar to Hass, as well as the planting density. Shepard has a B-type flower, compared to Hass which is an A-type.
Maluma is a newer developed variety, very popular in its place of development, being South Africa
It has been very popular in terms of planting numbers since 2016. It is a smaller tree so lends itself to high-density planting and trellising. The trees produce fruit from year 2 so the possibility of an earlier return on investment attracts many growers. The fruit is very slightly smaller on average to Hass but has a smaller seed to fruit ratio so has a high fruit percentage, the fruit size is more preferred by supermarkets. Maluma trees generally produce fruit ready for picking at least 4-6 weeks earlier than Hass.
The average tree fruit yield is similar to Hass and Shepard but due to the internode spacing being less and the ‘drooping’ tendency of lateral branches, Maluma can be grown on a trellis and higher density spacings of over 1000 trees/Ha. The data shown from the Maluma team in South Africa have their expected yields of around 30T/Ha. Maluma incurs a $4.50 plus GST royalty and non-propagation agreement to be signed. Maluma is an A-type flower.
Other popular varieties are also produced and sold for local markets or for pollination of the 3 main varieties Hass, Shepard and Maluma.
- Lamb Hass is a very late, Hass-like variety. Very high yielding and great fruit quality. A-type flower.
- Reed is a larger, round, very late variety. Typical yield and great fruit quality. A-type flower.
- Ettinger, Edranol, Fuerte, Sharwill are all green skin varieties which are B-type flowers typically grown as pollinators.